The Spanish Missions of Baja California, Part 2: The Franciscan and
Dominican Missions 1769-1849
Depending on the source, there were either 8 or 10 more
missions established in Baja California after the Jesuits were removed
from New Spain in 1768.
The first post-Jesuit mission was the only
one founded in Baja California by the Franciscan Order, San Fernando
Velicata, in 1769.
In 1773, the California peninsula missions were
handed over to the Dominican Order and the Franciscans continued
establishing missions in Alta California.
established up to 9 new missions, with the final 2 being disputed by some
historians as being simply new locations for Mission San Miguel.
The name and years for each mission will be followed by a recent
photograph (taken between 2000-2008) then some will be followed by older
photos to compare the sites. GPS waypoints are at map datum
On the final page are links to more Baja California history
web pages, including the mission visitas and detailed maps and satellite
images of the Camino Real mission road.
Northern Baja Missions
A close-up of Peveril Meigs map to show the location of the
final 10 mission sites in Baja California, north of Santa Maria.
The final 10 Baja California missions
San Fernando Velicata was the only Franciscan founded
mission in Baja California. The Dominicans assumed control of the Baja
California missions in 1773.
18) San Fernando Velicata
19) Nuestra Señora del Rosario Viñaraco 1774-1832 (Moved
2 miles west in 1802)
20) Santo Domingo 1775-1839 (Moved 2 miles
east in 1793)
21) San Vicente Ferrer 1780-1833
Miguel Arcangel 1787-1834 (moved 7 miles west in 1788)
23) Santo Tomas de Aquino 1791-1849 (moved 1 mile northeast in 1794, and 2 miles east in 1799)
24) San Pedro Martir de Verona 1794-1806 (moved 7
miles south and nearly 2,000' lower in elevation, after 3
25) Santa Catalina Virgen y Martir 1797-1840
Descanso 1810-1834 (Also called 'San Miguel Nuevo', moved 1/2 mile north
27) Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe 1834-1840